A Revolution in Vaping through Temperature Control
Temperature Control has taken the vaping landscape by storm in recent months; the reasons are well worth it. With temperature control, new levels of safety and convenience are being achieved in vaping. There is also a high level of technological advancement – move over switches and batteries!
Temperature Control (TC) began as a high-tech segment but now is quickly emerging as a mainstream staple. There are several TV vaporizers available at just $30. The time is ripe for using TC, especially given the lack of obstacles.
The question arises: what exactly is meant by TC and what does its functionality entail? While a lot can be written on the finer nuances, for now we discuss the TC spectrum and the basics.
But what is TC, and how does it work? Well, thousands of words could be written on the finer points – and in further articles we will expand on the subject greatly. For now, let’s take a whirlwind tour around the world of TC and look at the minimum you need to know.
What functionality does Temperature Control have?
Essentially, TC functions because specific metals raise their own resistance while heating up.
If you are a vaper, you would know the concept of resistance. Typically, there will be a coil within the dripper or tank and it contains resistance, which is generally displayed on screen.
In the case of vaping Kanthal, the overall level of resistance remains the same. Kanthal has this unique property whereby the resistance remains static, irrespective of temperature.
In the case of vaping TC, various coil materials are used for this purpose. Specific coil materials are chosen because their resistance increases by a specific known margin while the coil heats up.
On using a coil containing such materials, the mod is able to easily calculate the vape temperature. The coil resistance is checked before vaping and then the mod continues monitoring it while vaping. As the resistance increases, the mod changes it into an increase in temperature. So, if the coil started with a resistance of 0.20Ω with a current resistance of 0.40Ω, the temperature would have increased by around 392°F or 200°C.
There is a specific temperature setting for each TC mod. So, instead of setting only the watts or power in the vape, you can easily establish the target temperature. After this, the mod will automatically adjust the overall power while vaping. It is important to retain the coil and the vape close to the desired temperature. Any wattage established will therefore be the maximum value; certain TC mods that are new will be devoid of any power setting. In such cases, the mod uses the maximum range of power as needed in order to arrive at and maintain the required temperature.
The typical vaping temperatures are within392°F and 480°F, or between 200°C and 250°C. Usually, the temperature increments are around 10°F or 5°C.
How is vaping through Temperature Control advantageous?
There are many advantages!
- Avoiding burnt or dry hits
This is a common occurrence. We may forget to notice that the tank is dry and we would not have added sufficient juice into the dripper; even the wicking was not correct..
As a result, there is a scratchy, burnt and dry hit, which is not only unpleasant but a health hazard as well.
One benefit of TC is such dry or bad hits will not occur; if you find the wick is dry, the overall temperature will continue rising; the result: temperature protection cuts off the power immediately in order to compensate.
So, rather than having a horrible dry hit, you find much lesser vapor, enabling you to just add more juice, instead of choking on the fumes!
- Vaping safety
As a science, vaping is considered to be a fairly new entrant. It is certainly much safer when compared to smoking. However, there aren’t too many studies to reveal the various risks originating from heating coils.
If we can limit the exposure, we will be safer.
The only way to achieve this is by heating the coils to specific temperatures needed to vaporize the juice; never more than that.
3.Shelf life of the wick and coil
In order to prevent dry hit situations, you need to avoid heating the coil more than necessary. It also means preventing the cotton from singeing because this is what makes it taste bad.
While coils tend to last quite long, the wicks last even longer, especially since they are heated to a specific temperature required for a high quality vape.
Consider this: if you always drive your car at redline what could possibly happen?
- Battery life
TC vapes use a specific amount of power as required to retain the correct temperature in the coil. On an average, a regular TC vape will use 1.5 times lesser power compared to a similar vape of Variable Wattage.
What is required for vaping via Temperature Control?
In terms of selecting a vaporizer or mod to support TC, you will find that there is a large range available for selection. The prices differ, ranging anywhere between $30 and $300. There are considerable differences across devices with some of them retaining special features. However, all of these mods function on similar principles as described before.
Coils / wire
The other aspect to consider is that vaping must be done using the appropriate coil material. Unfortunately, Kanthal is not an option at the moment, the details of which we will discuss in another article.
These days, vaping through TC vaping uses either one of the below two wire types:
- Ni200, also called Nickel 200
- Grade 1 Titanium
All mods for TC will support Ni200, especially since this happened to be the very first coil material utilized for TC. A much newer material is Titanium, for which support began in June 2015. Any newer mods entering the market currently support Ni200 and Titanium.
Availability of TC coil
In case you are purchasing any premade coils at present, for sub-ohm tanks like the ones manufactured by Smok, Kanger, Aspire etc., you will find that the tank manufacturer will have various TC coils available. Any major manufacturer of tanks would have already released coils of the Ni200 variety. Several manufacturers also produce Titanium coils nowadays.
As another option, if you happen to be a vaper who prefers building their coils over a rebuildable type of deck, you could just purchase wire spools of the type mentioned above; most of these are available with leading vaping vendors. You could also choose to make your very own coils. You will need to keep in mind certain aspects compared to regular Kanthal, which we discuss in more detail over another article. However, the basic premise or principle is the same – just manufacture a coil and you can then vape upon it using TC!
How to choose a coil wire?
In general, compared to Ni200, a better option for TC wire is Titanium.
When it comes to temperature controlling, Titanium does provide more accurate readings. It also consumes much lesser battery power; several people also consider Titanium to be a safer alternative in terms of material choice. Titanium also provides a high level of resistance, which makes it an easier material to use to build your coils. If you are sensitive to Nickel, then Titanium is definitely a better choice for you.
If you are planning to purchase a new mod for TC, it is better to buy one with a Titanium mode. This way, you can use it on one or both types of wire.
Do you already happen to have a TC mod with Ni200? Still no issues! Ni200 works as a fantastic TC vape. The best part is that you could still TC vape some Titanium onto the Ni200 mod. All you need to do is select a different range of temperature; this is a more advanced discussion, which we will reserve for another article.
Your first vape using Temperature Control
So, you have just purchased a TC mod and even purchased a wire and a couple of coils. What do you need to do now?
We won’t be discussing the subject of rebuildable coils right now. This is a more complex matter, which will be addressed in a subsequent article. As of now, we can assume that you have already purchased premade Titanium or Ni200 coils to be used in the sub-ohm tank.
The very first vape for TC
1. Set your mod in TC mode and select the appropriate TC mode depending on the specific coils you possess
For the mods that provide support for Titanium and Ni200, there will be two different TC modes, or just one mode that comes with a specific selector for Titanium or Ni200.
In case your mod contains just one individual TC mode, it would typically provide support for just Ni200; therefore, you need to ensure that you have requisite Ni200 coils.
- The next step is to install the coil within the tank as usual; however, ensure that you screw the coil down tightly to the maximum extent.
- Place the tank over the mod, ensuring that you have tightened the tank down to the largest extent possible.
- Establish the wattage, if this is provided within TC mode; set it to 30W
Several newer mods for TC do not come with wattage setting within the TC mode; in case yours is not allowing you to change wattage, do not worry.
- Establish the target temperature
In case of the very first vape for TC, you should set the temperature starting at 215 °C or 420 °F.
While the temperature might be on the lower end of the spectrum, you can easily set it for a higher level in case the vape is found to be anaemic.
- Start vaping as normal
It is anticipated that you will receive a good quality vape, like you usually do. However, if you happen to be out of juice, you will find that the vapor dips substantially. You no longer have any dry hits!
- Be open to experimentation
You can adjust temperature settings downwards or upwards, based on requirement. Make sure to adjust it downwards especially if you happen to find dryness when the juice levels are low.
In case your mod comes with a control for wattage, you could easily adjust that as well. A higher level is typically perfect but you should take care that you don’t keep the wattage too low. Given the fact that TC coils tend to be with pretty low resistance, you do need sufficient power to effectively heat them up.